how to help dogs breed for the first time



how to help dogs breed for the first time

how to help dogs breed for the first time


Many questions are on the minds of many dog ​​owners regarding a dog's breed, especially a mate for the first, and among these questions are:

what are the chances of a dog getting pregnant first time?

how do you breed a beginner dog?

how can i increase my chances of my dog ​​being pregnant?

how can i encourage my dog ​​to breed?

 In this article, we will answer all these questions about dog's breed and we will provide many additional scientific information.

That we obtained from some veterinarians, experts and dog trainers about the proper breeding of dogs, especially in the first times.


Dogs breed terms

In the beginning, let's learn some terms related to the topic of dog mating or dog breeding, which will be mentioned and repeated frequently during the current article. You should also learn and use them if you decide to become a breeder or intend to help dogs breed, including:





means the dog equivalent of mother


means a dog giving birth


means the dog equivalent of father


means the puppies born from one pregnancy


means the male dog who mates with the bitch


means the span of time when a bitch is fertile


means  dog manstruation


a newborn puppy


a female dog


Canine genitals

Little puppies are so adorable; we can't even imagine that they have reproductive organs. This is for adult dogs, isn't it? Not right.

When you first get to know your puppy, you'll want to know his or her gender. This will be the first time, but not the last, that you'll think about your dog's genitals.

Male puppies are born with their testicles hanging, which means that they are folded inside their bodies and have not yet appeared.

You can tell the sex of a male puppy by the tiny little sheath that houses his penis.

On the other hand, a female pup doesn't look all that different.

It has as little prominence as the male, but is closer to the base of its tail. The male's sheath is located near his abdomen.

When male puppies are about 8 weeks old, their testicles drop.

This means that it descends into the scrotum and is visible from the outside. Sometimes, it may take longer. Sometimes it doesn't happen at all.

A dog with one descending testicle - or no descended testicles, known as cryptorchidism.

Is still capable of procreation and will display all of the male's behavior with retracted testicles.

Furthermore, an undescended testicle is at risk of developing cancer later in a dog's life.

Your puppy reaches sexual maturity at around 6 months of age, and this is a good time to talk to your vet about all things dogs breed.

Others may go to another matter, which is to sterilize or neuter the dog, in order to stop the sex hormones before they multiply and start causing problems.

Dogs that do not touch their genitals in adulthood are prone to certain behaviors.

Females enter into estrus - heat - and thus the desire to mate is strong. The secretions may ooze around the house and be more sensitive to noise and other stimuli. If given the chance, she might run away in search of a mate.


Canine genitals

Healthy female dogs go into heat twice a year and stay in heat for about two weeks. They are also at risk of developing breast cancer.

Some believe that sterilizing a female dog before her first heat is the best way to prevent her from contracting this disease.

Male dogs are always on the alert; healthiest males are constantly looking for a mate.

Their bodies are full of testosterone, which makes them more likely to fight with other dogs.

It also inspires them to urinate all over to mark their territory.

Healthy males are also notorious for running away. If there are no females nearby, they look for one.

Senior dogs that have not been spayed or neutered can still breed until a certain age.

Females are fertile until they reach about 8 or 9 years old - and sometimes even older - depending on the dog.

Their heat cycles eventually slow down until they stop having it.

Males can breed well in their senior years. Their testosterone levels drop, and they become less active in searching for a mate.

But if a female is introduced into estrus, a dog of 12 years or older can still breed.


how to breed dogs?

Dogs reproduce like other mammals through sexual intercourse, which results from the fertilization of a female’s egg with a male’s sperm.

The female reaches about the eighth month of age, and menstruation appears for the first time.

which are accompanied by changes in behavior and within the body to prepare the body for sexual intercourse, while the male reaches about a month before that.


Mating bond is the intercourse between males and females in which the male’s penis enters the female’s vagina and then the penis glands swell inside the vagina to form a bond.

It is important not to separate the two dogs during this time. The bond will last 10-30 minutes, during which time most of the male's semen will ejaculate into the female's vagina.


How to know that your female dog is ready to dogs breed

How to know that your female dog is ready to dogs breed?

You may decide to marry your dog either through a dog breeder or by yourself. To do this correctly.

you need to know when the female dog is just in time in the fertilization cycle for mating.

You can tell this time by behavioral signs on the bitch or by performing a series of screening tests to track her fertilization cycle.

If the time is right, you can then marry your female dog to a male dog.

Examine the dog's genital area. You will notice congestion in the vulva area when her desire increases.

and you will also notice an enlargement and protrusion of her genital area, and the front of her vagina will move forward to make it easier for the male to penetrate.

These signs indicate an increased desire to mate.

Turn your dog over on her stomach to examine her genital area from behind and you will notice soreness in the vulva from behind.

Notice blood or secretions in the house, around furniture or on the bed or carpet.

These secretions may be very red, light pink, or white.

Your dog will be fertile 12 days after this bleeding, at which point the discharge will be lighter and lighter.

The blood or secretions may have a strong smell to get the male's attention, and some dogs bleed heavily during their mating date, while others bleed a little.

 Monitor your dog's urination and learn about her behavior and how often she urinates.

The bitch urinates often and in small amounts when it is time to mate. Urine contains pheromones and hormones that attract males and inform them that this female is interested in mating.

Note that the bitch goes outside to urinate, as this often happens around the time of mating.

This is evidence that she is going through the fertilization cycle.

Make sure your dog is of an appropriate age for mating.

The bitch should not mate until she has gone through two to three fertilization cycles (the cycle of estrus or sexual desire in a female mammal);

That is, when her age is from one to two years.

Ask your vet if you're not sure your dog will be able to dog breed, and the vet will tell you if she's ready.

Use tests and track your dog's fertilization cycle. This cycle repeats twice a year, so keep track of it to find out when your bitch is ovulating.

The fertilization cycle in dogs goes through four stages. It may take several cycles to be able to identify these stages

The proestrus stage begins with an enlargement of the bitch's vulva and becomes wet with vaginal secretions and begins to bleed.

This stage lasts 9 days, but may extend to 20 days. It attracts males, but does not mate with them.

This is followed by the stage of estrus, which lasts 9 days, during which fertility is most intense in the first 5 days of it.

and at this stage the males are allowed to have intercourse with her and be social.

become anxious and increase her movements everywhere and if she is inside the house she runs in anxiety from one room to another.

and stops and meows at the door of the room or window and urinating a lot, and rubbing her head and loins on pieces of home furniture.

in order to spread sex hormones, as they are chemical messages sent to males to induce mating and intercourse.

stage ends when the vulva returns to its size and begins to distance the males from it.

The meristem phase lasts 50 days but may extend to 80 or 90 days, and the estrus phase lasts from two to three months.

The bitch does not mate at these two stages which mark the end of her fertility cycle.

Get a vaginal sample from your vet to make sure the bitch is in the mating stage.

Your vet can do a vaginal swab to make sure your bitch is in estrus.

The vaginal swab is done by examining the vaginal cells under a microscope,

and it is considered a harmless procedure for the dog as it is not considered surgery.

Your doctor may need to check several samples to be sure.

As part of the examination, the vet will look for any changes in cells that indicate the bitch is ovulating

and can also determine the most appropriate time to mate.

Check the level of progesterone in your dog's blood. The veterinarian does this by drawing a sample of the dog’s blood.

and examining it to confirm the date of ovulation, and more than one sample may be required.

This test is very accurate in determining the most appropriate time to mate.

especially if your dog has a history of unsuccessful mating, so do this test before arranging a date for her to mate with a male.


Dog mating tips for female dog owners

Dog mating tips for female dog owners

 In the beginning, make sure your dog is ready to mate and that it is the right time to mate.

Make sure the female is at a healthy weight, Female dogs can have a healthy pregnancy. if their weight is within the appropriate healthy limits.

as the female is underweight or overweight may not succeed in maintaining the pregnancy or completing her pregnancy to healthy puppies compared to a female with a healthy weight.

Older female dogs should not be married. Marriage to an old female dog can be dangerous, both to the mother and the fetus, as can early marriage.

There is disagreement among breeders about the age that is considered too old for pregnancy.

but in general, you should not marry a dog older than 4 years, especially to large breeds that have a shorter life cycle.

If you have a small or medium sized dog, you should think carefully before marrying it to a breed Older.

but you can proceed with extreme caution especially if your dog is between 4-6 years of age, and of course seven years is too old, even for small dogs.

Do not marry your female dog in her first fertilization cycle, but wait until two or three fertilization cycles have completed for the best outcome.

Choose a suitable male dog for mating. Look for a dog of the same breed, in good health and without congenital or genetic defects.

Before dogs breed, you should meet with the dog's owner or breeder and discuss his health and medical history.

Make sure the male's age is between one and seven years for the mating to be successful.

Discuss with your veterinarian to check your dog for any diseases or health problems before mating.

If your dog is a long-haired breed, there is a possibility that the hair may hinder the mating process.

To avoid this happening and waste of time, consider shaving the hair below her tail to improve it

Combine male and female at the right time. Males perform best when the encounter takes place in their sphere of influence.

so arrange the meeting with the male owner and bring your female dog there at the appropriate mating time for her in the fertilization cycle, when she is most fertile.

Reassure the female during the beginning of the relationship.

The female may express her distress during the beginning of communication between her and the male.

and she needs more reassurance and support, so you have to support her when she feels tired so that she does not pull herself and hurt the male or herself.

it is very dangerous to separate the two dogs before their bodies are ready for this.

so be by their side until you make sure that they will not separate.

The swelling decreases after the semen is released and the sphincter muscles in the female relax, and the dogs are able to separate safely.

arrange two meetings between the male and the female, 24 to 48 hours apart; This increases the chance of her getting pregnant.

Create a stress-free environment suitable for mating. The male owner should arrange a clean, stress-free place before bringing the female to the male.

If the female is in time for the fertilization cycle, she will court the male, and if the male likes it, the mating process will proceed normally.

You may have to separate the female in a cage for half an hour after mating to prevent her from urinating.

which will stimulate the successful completion of insemination.

Discuss with the male owner what steps to take if mating is not successful.


Dog mating tips for male dog owners

Dog mating tips for male dog owners

You must take care of the cleanliness of the male's genitals to prevent any yeast infection and other possible diseases during mating.

You should also make sure that the male's genital hair is trimmed so that he can successfully intercourse with the female to complete the mating process normally.

Prevent the male dog from eating on the day of mating.

The male cannot mate successfully if he is heavier in food, so you have to be keen on the activity and enthusiasm of the dog as much as possible

by preventing the male from eating on the specified day until he succeeds in completing mating with the female.

Help the dogs when needed. Dogs are able to mate naturally, but sometimes the male does not know how to act, especially if this is his first time to mate.

Do not hesitate to guide the dogs when necessary with a gentle hand movement in the right direction, so that the male succeeds in ascending the female as required.

be patient, the male needs some time to complete the process of intercourse with the female.

especially if he does not have previous experience, so you have to be patient and refrain from interrupting the two dogs.

Do not be surprised if the male does not start sexual intercourse immediately, it takes some time.

Make sure the male's penis is relaxed after mating, which naturally happens 30 minutes after the end of intercourse,

but you may have to do this manually if it takes too long.


when is the best time to breed a dog in her heat cycle?

Make sure to mate the dogs on the correct days of the female's menstrual cycle.

Female fertility rates rise on days 9, 11 and 13 of her menstrual cycle, which increases the chances of fertilization.

Remember that you may not be able to determine the exact days,

this calls for the two dogs to be mated on the day before and the day after the specified day based on your calculations.


how many days will a female dog let a male mount her?

twice, 24 to 48 hours apart; This increases the possibility of a bitch getting pregnant.

how long does it take for dogs to mate?

The normal duration of dog mating ranges between 10-45 minutes, and the mating period should not be less than 20 minutes.


why does my female dog refuse to mate?

One of the common problems in dogs breed is that some dogs reject each other,

for example, the female may reject the male because he is her companion in the house,

and on the other hand, submissive dogs may refuse to mate with the dominant female.

So we should try to find another partner if your dog rejects one partner.


Dog mounting but no tie

One of the common problems in dogs breed is the inability of the dog to how mating.

dog is not interested in the female dog, dog is not able to mount the female, not able to finish the coitus, stud won't mount etc.

To answer these points, you can read this article :

My male dog doesn’t know how to mate?

 how to breed a small male dog to a bigger female dog?

size and breed

 In general, a small male dog can mate with a larger dog. As his sexual desire may be strong, but this does not mean that there is no risk.

Therefore, the male dog may need help.

It is preferable to conduct a full health examination of the two dogs before the breeding process.

The first difficulty Your male dog may encounter is riding a female.

Where it needs a suitable height to rise above it to penetrate.

And if he can't, you'll need Provide a suitable strong platform to assist him in the penetration process.

In the event that the male reaches a height from which he can penetrate the female, you must help him stay there.

It may take a few minutes for the swollen glands in his penis to begin to swell in preparation for locking up.

While this is happening, you can put your hand under his tail and push him firmly up so that his chest rises on the female's back and his feet are off the ground.

Then both the male and female will be locked securely.

The next step is perhaps the most important because it is where the most damage can occur.

Mating lock can occur from anywhere between 15 and 40 minutes.

A male dog that is about the size of a female will usually raise his leg above the female and turn his back to her.

The two dogs then stand back for the duration of the mass locking process.

However, for a small male dog, raising his leg over a huge dog and turning around would not be an easy task.

You may need to lift his leg very gently and help turn him over.

This operation can seriously injure both dogs if not performed correctly


The Copulatory tie in dogs breeding

Most dog breeders and those interested know the adhesion of a male and a female dog during mating,

but many do not know how and why this adhesion occurs.

This sticking occurs because the male dog's semen is light in consistency, like water (watery), not viscous.

The reproductive system of the female dog takes the form of a slope downward to the outside.

When the dog ejaculates his semen inside the uterus of the female, all the fluid will come out of the uterus as a result of the sagging of the uterus.

Therefore, adhesion occurs for some time after ejaculation so that the sperms can migrate inside the female's uterus until they reach the place of fertilization of eggs.

Copulatory occurs after the completion of the male’s ejaculation of the semen, as part of the male organ bulges inside the cervix of the female.

The external opening of the uterine cervix (the vaginal opening) is severely contracted to close the penis behind the swollen area.

Thus, the male cannot expel the penis and remain inside the womb of the female.

This state of adhesion continues for some time, and then the swelling in the male member begins to gradually shrink until it disappears completely.

After the penis swelling is gone, the male dog can easily pull it out of the female reproductive system.

If there is no adhesion during mating, pregnancy will not occur.


Dogs breed and knot mode

Dogs breed and knot mode

Sometimes dogs choose to put the knot, in this position both dogs look in two different directions,

and their butts meet and usually the dog raises its back leg on the female's back, and here they are tied so that the male penis becomes inside the female's vagina.

This behavior is very normal during mating, and the two dogs can remain bonded like this for a long time, in most breeds between 15-45 minutes.

There is a theory that explains their adoption of the “knot” position,

which is that this position protects the two dogs from attack during this period when they are weak.

In the common mating position, the male dog’s back is unprotected and its genitals are exposed,

but when Their faces outward reveal their fangs and appear ready to defend themselves against predators or other male dogs that seek to mate with this female.


breed dogs and artificial insemination

Artificial insemination can be used if the dogs are far from each other.

IVF is often used to improve offspring, produce desirable offsprings and screen for undesirable ones.

It is also used to preserve rare breeds, and is an alternative if your partner lives far away from you.

Sperm is collected from the male, checked for its number and activity by the veterinarian, and then stored.

If it is to be used within hours it can be refrigerated, but to keep for years it must be frozen in liquid nitrogen,

then the female is inseminated at her ideal spawning period.

Sperm are transferred to the female reproductive system through a long, thin rubber tube.

The sperm are placed near the cervix; the same place they are placed during normal mating.

You can buy IVF kits online or at pet stores.

Keep in mind that artificial insemination has not yet reached the same success rate as natural mating,

the expected success rate is 65% to 85%, with better results for young puppies.


Is there anything I should do after my dog ​​is mated?

Make sure that the dogs that have been mated do not have the opportunity to mate with any other dogs.

Remember that estrus or "heat" in dogs will last for several more days and they can theoretically become pregnant from another dog during this time.

After a planned dog mating, it is a good idea to let them rest quietly for a few hours until the signs of pregnancy appear.


How long is a dog's pregnancy?

The gestation period in dogs, usually ranges from 57-65 days, with an average of 63 days, which is approximately two months.

From the planned breeding methods, you must record the exact history of the dogs' mating.

If there are two matings, write down the dates and expect the birth to occur after 63 and 65 days.

Read also:How long dogs are pregnant 

How can I be sure that my dog ​​is pregnant?

Early detection of pregnancy in animals such as dogs can be very difficult and many breeders fear that a fake pregnancy will occur. These are some of the procedures through which it can be confirmed that the dog is pregnant:

1- blood test

A dog blood test can detect pregnancy in dogs by measuring the hormone relaxin.

False negative results can occur if the test is done too early in a dog's pregnancy, or if the dogs are carrying only one or two puppies.

A positive test when examining dogs indicates that the dog is pregnant at the time of the test, but this does not mean that the pregnancy will be successful.

 2- Conducting a manual examination on the dog's abdomen

A vet can perform a transabdominal examination (abdominal palpation for an enlarged uterus or solitary fetal swelling) about three to four weeks after mating, but results are variable.

In some cases, results depend more on the female dog's relaxation than on the vet's experience.

3- Ultrasound examination of dogs

Abdominal ultrasound is the currently preferred method for diagnosing pregnancy in pets.

Depending on the equipment and the type of dog, a positive diagnosis can be made as early as three weeks.

Most examinations performed after day 28 of pregnancy are reliable. Because of the intra-abdominal location,

4- Dental X-rays

Abdominal radiography (X-ray) during the last two weeks of pregnancy?

Around the seventh week, the most accurate method for determining puppy size and should be performed on all pregnant dogs,

so that you know when your female has finished giving birth to puppies.


dog's food during pregnancy and childbirth

Should I change the dog's food during pregnancy and childbirth?

A good dog breeding technique is for the animals to be in good physical condition before mating and during pregnancy and childbirth.

Both male and female dogs should be examined by a veterinarian before mating.

After mating, the dogs' feeding should remain the same for the first two thirds of pregnancy (about six weeks after mating).

Make sure you feed your dog an excellent, high-quality, vet-approved diet during pregnancy.

Discuss supplements and vitamins with your veterinarian before giving them to your dog.

It is recommended that you feed your dog a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids (DHA) during pregnancy

to help the puppy's development in the womb, as well as during milk production.


What do I do after the sixth week of pregnancy dogs?

After the sixth week of pregnancy, you should gradually increase food intake;

It is recommended to use high-energy foods and foods low in fiber.

With the increase in the size of the fetuses, the pressure in the abdomen increases and becomes larger,

and this is the most important symptom of pregnancy in dogs.

From raising healthy dogs during pregnancy, it is recommended to repeat small meals.

It has been proven that raising animals on diets that contain high levels of omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

improves the health and growth of puppies and must be taken into account and placed in small quantities in the first to be composed

and used by the dog after the mating period.

Discuss DHA-supplemented diets weighted by your pregnant dog with your veterinarian.

During the last three weeks of the animals' pregnancy, your dog's food intake should be increased by up to one and a half times the normal level,

by feeding smaller meals more frequently.


What about the medications my dog ​​takes during pregnancy?

One of the good dog breeding methods is to avoid and abstain from some medications commonly used during pregnancy.

Discuss with your veterinarian the use of any supplements and medications,

because pregnancy is critical for animals and existing medications can cause fetal malformations in animals.


dog's routine as pregnancy progresses

Should I change a dog's routine as pregnancy progresses?

As an animal's pregnancy progresses, intra-abdominal pressure increases and so does the mother's nutritional requirements of pets.

Dogs usually need to increase the number of small meals rather than increasing the amount per serving.

A good kennel is to let the animals decide how much physical activity they need.

This depends on the number of puppies and the amount of pressure inside the dogs' abdomen that you have.

Also, one of the methods of raising pregnant animals is not to be overly active on pregnant women from dogs,

check for any vaginal secretions and contact the vet if you have any concerns.


Ethical issues in dog breeding

Keep in mind some dog mating ethics, you should seriously consider the ethical implications before deciding to let your dog mate.

It is important to be aware of their huge number and the fact that they are euthanized every day.

Consider adopting a puppy from a shelter rather than having more.

When you breed your dog, you should adopt a "breed to get better" philosophy,

which means you have to carefully examine him, notice his flaws,

and then choose a partner who balances out or completely neutralizes his flaws in the offspring.

For example, your dog should be mated with a dog who does not suffer from arthritis if he has it.

If he suffers from a health problem related to the breed, such as congenital hip dysplasia,

try pairing him with a dog who does not suffer from the same disease.

Spay any dogs that fail the Bayer test. (It is an acronym for auditory brainstem response test).

To perform this test, very fine earphones are placed in the ear canals and small electrodes are placed behind the ear and on the forehead.

Typically, sounds are presented as clicking through the earphones and the electrodes measure the response of the auditory nerve to the sounds.

The computer averages these responses and displays the waveforms.

If a dog fails the Peyer's test,

it means 100% that the dog will pass on the deafness genes, so this dog should never be married off


Read also: How to train a deaf dog

Work to stimulate genetic diversity. If you decide to breed your dog,

you should make an effort to cooperate with other dog breeders in geographic areas other than your own,

as this helps facilitate the movement of genes by interbreeding between different regions.

This becomes especially important when dealing with a small breed.

For example, you should not breed your dog with a dog that lives in the same city,

but try to establish contacts with a dog breeder in another part of your country or province if possible.

Be sure to ask for the pedigree of any dog ​​you choose to mate,

as this ensures that your dogs will not be crossed with a distant (or close!) relative.


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